The United States National Forum on Information Literacy defines information literacy as “. . . the hyper ability to know when there is a need for information, to be able to identify, locate, evaluate, and effectively use that information for the issue or problem at hand. ” The American Library Association defines “information literacy” as a set of abilities requiring individuals to “recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information. Other definitions incorporate aspects of “skepticism, judgement, free thinking, questioning, and understanding. . . ” or incorporate competencies that an informed citizen of an information society ought to possess to participate intelligently and actively in that society.